‘So many people died’
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Pham To looked great for 78 years old (at least, that’s about how old he thought he was). His hair was thin, gray, and receding at the temples, but his eyes were lively and his physique robust – all the more remarkable given what he had lived through. I listened intently, as I had so many times before to so many similar stories, but it was still beyond my ability to comprehend. It’s probably beyond yours, too.
Pham To told me that the planes began their bombing runs in 1965 and that periodic artillery shelling started about the same time. Nobody will ever know just how many civilians were killed in the years after that. “The number is uncountable,” he said one spring day a few years ago in a village in the mountains of rural central Vietnam. “So many people died.”
And it only got worse. Chemical defoliants came next, ravaging the land. Helicopter machine gunners began firing on locals. By 1969, bombing and shelling were day-and-night occurrences. Many villagers fled. Some headed further into the mountains, trading the terror of imminent death for a daily struggle of hardscrabble privation; others were forced into squalid refugee resettlement areas. Those who remained in the village suffered more when the troops came through. Homes were burned as a matter of course. People were kicked and beaten. Men were shot when they ran in fear. Women were raped. One morning, a massacre by American soldiers wiped out 21 fellow villagers. This was the Vietnam War for Pham To, as for so many rural Vietnamese.
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There were a lot of casualties in this war.
It divided my Classmates into the joiners, the draftees, and the evaders. The joiners and draftees were lucky if they came back, I guess. They certainly were changed. Even the evaders didn’t escape either; they changed too and some died cut off from friends and family. << DuBois, John [MC1968 RIP]>>
I’ve often thought about this since the “end”. Even the Gulf of Tolkin story, McNamara admission, and all the anecdotal stories, just made me more sure that this was a “disaster” in so many dimensions.
The sad part is that we learned NOTHING!
The 70’s anti-war movement, minus the Quakers, was all astroturf for the D’s.
Drone warfare, with its “collateral damage”, is … immoral.
The way “we” treat the retuning vets is also immoral.
Not paying the tab for all this and palming it off on future generations is immoral.
I just don’t know how we fix it?
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